We have long labeled animals as being soul-less creatures in the Christian community. But why? It is often said that animals do not have souls but that is ironic since the word soul in the Old Testament is “nephesh” which means a breathing creature. I think we can all agree that animals are breathing creatures, so they must have a soul. The question then becomes, do they have a spirit? Well, spirit in the Old Testament is “ruwach” which translates to breath. We already agreed that animals breath, so they must have a breath. But there is more.
The Bible teaches us more about animals then one might think at first. For starters it tells us that the serpent spoke to Eve (Genesis 3:1). Not only did it speak, it also deceived her (Genesis 3:13, 1 Timothy 2:14). Now you might be saying, “Yeah, but that was Satan.” That may be true, but for the sake of this study lets just leave it at this point; the book of Genesis never says that the serpent was used or that it was Satan? It specifically states that the serpent was more subtle (crafty) then all the other beast of the field (Genesis 3:1). The verse uses the word “hayah” which could be translated became. If this is the case the verse could be read, “and the serpent became more crafty then the other beast of the field.” If so, then we can take two lessons from this (the second of which has nothing to do with this study). 1) Animals have the ability to learn (which I think is pretty obvious just by watching your cat or dog) and if this is the proper translation it would also mean that 2) Adam and Eve (or woman as she was still called at the time) must have spent many years in the Garden of Eden before the fall.
But there's another story that gives us even more insight into animals and this one has no Satan tie-ins. Numbers 22:5 tells us the story of Balaam. This story is very interesting on many levels but one of the more interesting aspects is what occurs with Balaam's mule. The Bible tells us in Numbers 22:23 that God sent an Angel to smite Balaam. What follows has been overlooked by many Christians and scholars. The mule sees the Angel and turns off the road to save Balaam's life, it doesn't do this once, it does it on three separate occasions. Now your probably saying, “What do you mean 'overlooked?' I've heard this story before.” I'm sure you have, but have you noticed the following? 1) The mule sees the Angel while Balaam couldn't. Animals seem to be more keen to the spirit realm then we are. 2) The animal observed the situation and made a decision (Haven't noticed that before have you?). This tells us animals can observe, think and make decisions. 3) By coming between Balaam and the Angel (Ultimately Balaam's demise), the mule intercedes for Balaam. Animals can intercede for us. But don't take my word for it, read Numbers 22:33 where the Angel of the LORD tells Balaam that the mule saved his life. 4) Balaam gets scolded for whipping his mule (Numbers 22:32). Animals are not to be mistreated. And last but not least (and how could I talk about this story without mentioning this part) 5) The mule asks Balaam three questions (Numbers 22:28-30). Animals have curiosities and could even hold conversations if God allowed. For the second time in the Bible an animal talks to a human. Yes, I am aware that it's possible that the conversation happened spiritually and therefore in a vision, but it doesn't say that the LORD opened Balaam's ears, it says that God opened the mules mouth. I think anybody near by (possibly Balaam's two servants. Numbers 22:22) heard the mule talking.
Another verse that talks about animals is Matthew 6:26 (and a perfect fit being that the other verses were Old Testament). Here we see that God feeds the birds. Though Jesus puts us in higher regard, it is still important to note that, it is God, that takes care of and feeds the animals.
With all that said, do animals go to Heaven? Though the Bible mentions that there are animals in the Kingdom (Isaiah 65:25 Appears to be referring to Heaven or at least the place of Eternity, Revelation 19:14), I am not aware of any verse that mentions the animals of earth dying and going to Heaven. So I guess some things are just a matter of wait and see. We cannot say they will go to Heaven, but we also shouldn't say they won't either since the Bible makes no mention of it.
I hope you have enjoyed this study and that you can give God's creation a little more credit then what we often give them, you never know if they have interceded for you. God Bless you.